Why Insurance Needs a Restatement: The Case of Settlement Decision Law
Why Insurance Needs a Restatement: The Case of Settlement Decision Law,
Connecticut Insurance Law Journal
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.villanova.edu/facpubs/61
Even before its publication, the Restatement of the Law, Liability Insurance had been subjected to withering wholesale criticism that it creates aspirational and pro-policyholder insurance law. This view continues to be forcefully promoted by insurers and their advocates in the legal literature and by governors and state legislatures in the political areas.
This Article finds these wholesale criticisms unwarranted. Liability insurance law is not a field where law is simply found and restated. In fact, settlement law offers the most vivid examples of why the Restatement of the Law, Liability Insurance is possible, useful, and justified. It is possible because there is sufficient agreement on core doctrines to be organized into a common framework. It is useful because, though courts have been handling these cases for more than a century, the basic analytical foundations of the rules associated with this specialized insurance law remain poorly understood and often unarticulated. It is justified, because the project locates insurance settlement law within the broader framework of modern contract, tort, and fiduciary law. Notwithstanding localized quibbles, because Restatements are charged with determining the legal rules that best fit within the broader body of law, the Restatement of the Law, Liability Insurance stands as a considerable achievement.